Underemployment in South Africa

Stellenbosch Working Paper Series No. WP06/2016
 
Publication date: 2016
 
Author(s):
[protected email address] (Department of Economics, University of the Western Cape)
[protected email address] (Department of Economics, University of the Western Cape)
[protected email address] (Department of Economics, University of the Western Cape)
[protected email address] (Department of Economics, University of the Western Cape)
 
Abstract:

With the introduction of the Quarterly Labour Force Survey (QLFS) since 2008, a newly derived variable, namely underemployed, has become available. This variable is derived according to the “time-related” approach (i.e. those who are employed, but would like to work longer hours and are available to work longer hours in the near future). However, underemployment could also be derived according to the “inadequate employment situations” approach (e.g. under-utilisation of skills, over-qualification). There are virtually no in-depth local studies that examine underemployment in South Africa. Hence, this paper investigates the extent of underemployment according to two definitions, before examining whether the characteristics of the underemployed are significantly different from those of the other employed.

 
JEL Classification:

J00

Keywords:

underemployment; underemployed; South Africa

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BER Weekly

13 September 2021
It was a data-heavy week in SA, with the 2021Q2 real GDP data indicating that the economy had better-than-expected recovery momentum in the first half of the year. While growth remained solid in the second quarter, both the survey and actual data released last week revealed the significant impact that the range of shocks at the start of the third quarter...

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