The effect of schooling on worker productivity: Evidence from a South African industry panel

Stellenbosch Working Paper Series No. WP04/2014
 
Publication date: 2014
 
Author(s):
[protected email address] (Department of Economics, University of Stellenbosch)
[protected email address] (Centre for Studies of African Economics, University of Oxford)
 
Abstract:

Schooling is typically found to be highly correlated with individual earnings in African countries. However, African firm or sector level studies have failed to identify a similarly strong effect for average worker schooling levels on productivity. This has been interpreted as evidence that schooling does not increase productivity levels, but may also indicate that the schooling effect cannot be identified when using a schooling measure with limited variation. Using a novel South African industry-level dataset that spans a longer period than typical firm-level panels, this paper identifies a large and significant schooling effect. This result is highly robust across different estimators that allow for correlated industry effects, measurement error, heterogeneous production technologies and cross-sectional dependence.

 
JEL Classification:

J24, D24, C23

Keywords:

Returns to schooling, human capital, labour demand, panel data econometrics, South Africa

Download: PDF (365 KB)

Login

(for staff & registered students)



Need a password?
Forgot your password?

BER Weekly

16 September 2019
Despite weak incoming SA data for 2019Q3, the rand exchange rate and JSE benefitted from a global investor rotation in favour of riskier asset classes (see the markets section) last week. This was aided by the European Central Bank (ECB) announcing a widely expected stimulus package (for more, click here) and the US slightly delaying the imposition...

Read the full issue
 

BER Weekly

16 September 2019
Despite weak incoming SA data for 2019Q3, the rand exchange rate and JSE benefitted from a global investor rotation in favour of riskier asset classes (see the markets section) last week. This was aided by the European Central Bank (ECB) announcing a widely expected stimulus package (for more, click here) and the US slightly delaying the imposition...

Read the full issue