The changing face of public funding of higher education, with special reference to South Africa

Stellenbosch Working Paper Series No. WP05/2007
 
Publication date: 2007
 
Author(s):
[protected email address] (Department of Economics, University of Stellenbosch)
[protected email address] (Institutional Planning Division, University of Stellenbosch)
 
Abstract:

Higher education displays characteristics of both private and public goods and there is a trend worldwide to expect individuals to pay more of the costs of their higher education. In South Africa public funding of higher education decreased from 0.86% of GDP in 1986 to only 0.66% in 2006. Due to the decrease in state appropriations, student tuition fees had to be increased to compensate for this loss of income. In the process staff numbers were kept relatively constant, while student numbers increased at a much faster rate. Two future scenarios, based on public higher education expenditure as a percentage of GDP and on real state allocation per WFTES, are included. Although the qualifications awarded per FTE academic staff member increased over time, the graduation rates of the higher education institutions in South Africa are worsening. High-level research, measured in publication units per FTE academic staff member, shows a disturbing decreasing trend since 1997.

 
JEL Classification:

H52, I22, I23

Keywords:

Higher education, education financing, qualifications

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This week was another poor showing on the local industrial data front, with internal trade data mixed. While we still see very subdued quarterly growth, there is an increased possibility that the economy may have stagnated or tipped into a contraction in 2024Q1 relative to 2023Q4. Policy was also in focus as President Cyril Ramaphosa signed the National...

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